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Peer review made easy

Peer review isn't a tough concept. It just means that the article was reviewed by scholars and meets certain standards with regards to a publication or a discipline

Peer reviewed/scholarly articles are typically written by professors or specialists.

A great clue that something is peer reviewed or scholarly: The article contains a list of references or cites.

Still confused? Check out the video...

  Peer review in 3 minutes

Examples of Scholarly Articles



Qualitative Study

Quantitative Study

Literature Review



Sample groups too small to analyze using statistics




Produces numerical results/ analyzed statistically

An article that provides an overview of important research on a particular topic

Reviews several quantitative studies analyzing them looking for patterns/ trends within data

Reviews several qualitative studies analyzing them looking for patterns/ trends within data

Case Study


May involve experimentation

Considered scholarly but not primary research/ no new study is conducted

Uses existing studies

Uses existing studies



Survey/ questionnaire



Usually considered another form of quantitative research

Usually considered another form of qualitative research

Focus Groups






John F. Kennedy Memorial Library
California State University, Los Angeles
5151 State University Drive
Los Angeles, CA 90032-8300