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Why Cite?

Citations are a critical part of your paper. Without them, no one reading your paper would know what research you conducted, which articles/scholars you are referencing, and where many of the ideas came from. You also risk being accused of plagiarism if you don't cite/attribute the ideas or actual works of others.

Citations are useful too. They allow readers to reference additional material about your paper. Citations place your paper in the context of a bigger set of ideas.

Citations are in text (the actual place you use someone else's language or ideas) as well as at the end of your paper. The in-text citations are brief. Usually, no more than a last name and date in parentheses within the text of your article like this (Germano, 2009). Citations are more complex at the end of a paper since they reference the full article, book, or web page. References listed at the end of the page look like this Germano, Michael (2009). 'Citing Articles Doesn't Have to be Hard,' The Journal of Research Can be Easy, 1(2): 2-5. The citation is a complete 'address' of where to find the article.

There are lots of tools to help you cite in text and for a list of references. These include Refworks, Library Workshops, and help from the reference desk.

APA 7th

Citing Business Databases in APA 7th

 ABI-INFORM Complete

Meagher, & Zauner, K. (2005). Location-Then-Price Competition with Uncertain Consumer Tastes. Economic Theory25(4), 799–818.

 Annual Reports

Panera Bread. (2021). Annual Report 2021. URL

 Business Source Premier

MarketLine. (2018, November). Wine in North America: MarketLine Industry Profile (Reference Code: 0205-0800) [Industry profile]. Retrieved from Business Source Premier database. 


Diment, D. (2019, December). Corporate wellness services (OD4621) [U.S. specialized industry report] . IBISWorld.

 MarketLine Business Information Centre

MarketLine. (2015, October 9). McDonald's Corporation. Retrieved from Marketline database.

 Mergent Online

Mergent. (n.d.). Hain Celestial Group [Company profile]. Retrieved June 10, 2022 from


Wright Express Corporation. (2009, February 27). Form 10-K. EDGAR. United States Securities and Exchange Commission. Library Edition

Morningstar. (n.d.). Vanguard Global Equity [Mutual fund report]. Retrieved May 27, 2020 from

 Value Line Investment Survey Online

Value Line. (2020, May 22). Delta Air Lines. Value Line Investment Survey.


  • manage research
  • create a bibliography
  • format a list of references
  • cite in text properly


A Microsoft Word plugin

John F. Kennedy Memorial Library
California State University, Los Angeles
5151 State University Drive
Los Angeles, CA 90032-8300