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Writing & Citing (APA, MLA etc.)

Self-help for creating citations and references for research papers.

CSE (Council of Science Editors)

This style is frequently used in the Biology, Ecology, Zoology, and Medical sciences. Most courses at Cal State LA use the name-year system, but some may use citation-sequence and citation-name systems. If you are not sure of which system to use, double-check with your professor.

* Note that journals in CSE style references should be abbreviated using the List of Title Word Abbreviations on the ISSN International Centre website here.

Full Style Guide Online

Citation Quick Guides

Print Guide

Name-Year Style Examples

Number of Authors In-Text References Reference List Examples
1 (Ford 2021)

Ford TL. 2021. Article title. Journal Title. Volume(issue): pages. URL

2 (Ford and Audi 2018)

Ford TL, Audi AB. 2021. Article title. Journal title. Volume(issue): pages. URL

3 -10 (Ford et al. 2003)

Ford TL, Audi AB, Honda CV. 2021. Article title. Journal title. Volume(issue): pages. URL

10+ (Ford et al. 1987)

List the first ten authors followed by et al.

Ford TL, Audi AB, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, et al. 2021. Article title. Journal Title. Volume(issue): pages. URL

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